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自動直升機工程解決方案
AutoCopter Engineering Solutions

AutoCopter 工程解決方案

AutoCopter 自動飛航無人直升機是一種無人駕駛自動飛航直升機,配備了影像系統,即時監控系統,數位錄像系統,感應系統,武裝配備,以及其他各種不同的設備,成為空中飛行的自動機器。

AutoCopter 自動飛航直升機配備了完善的神經網絡系統,具有自我學習能力,適應變化的飛行環境,是最完美的人工智慧系統。飛航的操作,具有半自動和全自動兩種飛行模式。半自動飛行模式時,透過計算機的自主分析,飛行操作人員可以使用不同的指令調整飛航狀態;全自動飛行模式時,藉助 GPS 的導航,可以輸入電腦的飛行路徑,實行直升機的自動起飛,巡航,改變飛行路線,自動著陸等動作。一旦,自動飛航直升機超出了飛行控制的範圍,將會自動的返回作業區域。


AutoCopter 自動飛航無人直升機

AutoCopter 自動飛航直升機在裝配標準油箱時,一般能夠以每小時 160 公里的速度,航行 1~6 小時,並且在能夠在 1200~1500 英尺的標高,捕捉 10~40 英里的方圓內的景象,並傳送即時的監控畫面,而內置的數位錄像機將自動錄製所有捕捉的畫面,從事偵查工作,作為中繼站,或者進行必要的攻擊和防衛。

眼前,無人機直升機工業已經開始巨幅的增長,全球市場的客戶群,從早期採用幾個簡單的應用,到現在廣泛的接受和使用,是一項十分驚人的變革;現今無人機最嚴苛的工程挑戰和需要積極解決的技術,是各種策略性技術。

早期採用高性能/低成本的無人機,主要應用在各種攝影裝備,需要搭配穩定和較大負載的空中平台。正如 AutoCopter 的神經智能系統,正是一個非常可靠,可行,安全,負擔得起的替代載人飛機。現在,AutoCopter 進一步結合了數位高度圖示(雷達高空測量),光譜農業作物三維掃瞄並製作圖像,長距離紅外線/激光管路檢測等尖端技術,提供了更先進的無人機解決方案。

1. 三維數位鳥瞰圖

AutoCopter 執行長傅麥克說一兩年前,受到無人機科技限制,諸如技術能力,元件尺寸和重量,整體性能和價格等因素,沒有一樣應用是可能的。但今天,各方專業技術的成功開發,如雷達測高儀,激光測距儀,激光雷達掃描儀,熱和光譜顯像攝影機,和質子磁度計,都具備了高性能,體積小,重量輕,成本低等特點。只要適當的配置,就可以結合個別的高科技元件,創造高性能又價格實惠的科技方案。今天,天空仍有極限,但任何事都可能。  


三維地形圖  3-D Geological Mapping


三維城市地圖  3-D Urban Mapping

舉例來說,如何以尖端技術,來推動土地測量整個產業的變革。土地測量和地形偵測將提供全面數位化的立體地圖,包含精確的全球定位系統 (GPS) 坐標和確切的海拔高度和人為結構,如河流,高山,海岸線,建築物,道路和整個風情。這些數據將應用於從野生動物管理和自然保護保護,到一切形式的建築景觀,城市規劃和發展。


高度測量現今

過去,採用的方法不是在地面以人工方式進行多次反覆的調查,或採用非常昂貴的載人飛機,從事普查。今天,使用的高性能,精簡型,和負擔得起的技術,如智能型垂直起降無人機 AutoCopter Reigl 激光雷達(光測和測距)的三維掃瞄儀,將樹立土地測量和地形偵測的新標準。

2. 農產作物光譜圖

隨著世界人口已超過6億指數,糧食生產需求,日益增加,甚至難以確保基本需求。至為關鍵的因素之一,是建構良好和有效的農業生產,維護農業作物的健康。實施早期的無害檢測,如水分不足,昆蟲,除菌和雜草蟲害,和土壤本身不平衡的 Ph 值等等。

成像光譜儀與色差透視鏡頭


空中光譜圖 - 健康作物

這個重要的任務,現在可以使用 AutoCopter,配合特殊的攝像頭,利用飛行來形成空中光譜影像,以檢測農業作物存在的威脅,偵測目前農產作物各項不良的變數,並不時跟蹤總體的變化,提供農民日常信息,有效地應對任何潛在的問題,從而保證農產作物的健康和豐收。

3. 紅外線和激光輸油管線檢測

空中紅外熱影像的輸油管道系統能夠準確,而且有效的偵測地下管道的洩漏,孔隙所造成的水土流失,惡化,管道隔絕,並進行缺憾回捕等作業。

空中熱成像埋地石油管道與地下污染所造成的洩漏

高解析度的熱呈像系統,如紅外光熱成像攝像機,將對整個地區,進行掃瞄作業,並依照掃瞄數據,呈現影像;並以不同地區的溫度,設定為不同的顏色,以標示地面上和地面下區域。

 
前視紅外光熱成像攝像機


微型激光測距儀

對於這種特殊的應用,AutoCopter 配備有兩個關鍵的高科技裝備。

一是 FLIR 光子紅外熱呈像攝像機,以不同的熱樣,製成敏感的影像。

二是微型小量激光測距儀,以等距的高度,保持 AutoCopter 恆定的飛行高度,並依照 GPS 的導航, 沿輸油管道的路線自動飛航。

 4. 未來的無人機系統

在短短幾年中,AutoCopter 已經由無人機(UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)正名為無人空中系統 (UAS Unmanned Aerial System)。對於如此的空中平台,被正視為完整的系統,不再是整體空中系統的一部分,而是一個完完整整的系統,擁有完整,驚人,而且無窮無盡的功能。AutoCopter 提供各種工程上策略性的解決方案,是全球無人直升機的標竿。

AutoCopter Engineering Solutions

The AutoCopter is a rotorcraft Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) with camera, instant live video surveillance (infrared and visible spectrum), immediate digital video recording, sensor systems, armed equipment, and other devices to be a flying robot.

The AutoCopter helicopter with its neural robotic network systems is an artificial intelligent machine. The helicopter has the human-like brain in that they can learn and adapt to new circumstances from no experience at all to plenty experience. AutoCopters have two flight modes:

    Semi Autonomous Mode

In the semi-autonomous or manual mode, the operator (RC pilot) is "in control" of the aircraft. AutoCopter's computer interprets the operator’s commands and translates them into flight surface movement via servo motor activation, similar to a modern fighter jet's fly-by-wire system. In other words, the operator tells the AutoCopter what he wants it to do, and the AutoCopter's computer figures out exactly how to make that happen.

    Fully Autonomous Mode

For the fully autonomous flight mode, the AutoCopter utilizes a GPS system, where the operator uploads a flight plan to the AutoCopter via a computer, using GPS waypoints.  In this mode, the operator "starts the AutoCopter, engages the Flight Control System, commands the AutoCopter to takeoff and turns all flight operations over to the FCS."  The operator can regain manual control of the AutoCopter at any time by going back to the autonomous mode.

The AutoCopter is capable of flying 160 kilometer per hour with 1~6 hours aloft time on standard tanks and can deliver live motion pictures to the ground console within a diameter of 10~40 miles at 1200~1500 feet altitude.  The built-in Digital Video Recorder (DVR) will automatically record all the captured video, or scouting, be a relay and carrying out necessary attacks and defense.

The UAV helicopter industry is beginning to see a massive exponential growth in its worldwide markets as the overall demographics of its customer base has shifted from that of a few early adopters with fairly simple applications to that of widespread use and acceptance as a technology that can solve even the most demanding and strategic engineering challenges.

The early adopters of high performance/low cost UAVs like the AutoCopter were aerial photographers whose overall needs were basic – a stable and affordable aerial platform for standard, everyday cameras.  As our AutoCopter technology has proven itself as a very viable, safe, affordable, and reliable alternative to manned aircraft, the simpler “early adopter” applications of our technology have given way to a much broader and widely accepted clientele whose applications now involve the combination of several cutting-edge technologies that allow for advanced unmanned aerial engineering solutions such as Digital Elevation Mapping, Spectral Image Crop Assessment, and Long Distance Infrared/Laser Pipeline Inspection, just to name a few. 

1. Digital Elevation Mapping

According to our AutoCopter CEO, Mike Fouche, “Just a year or two ago, none of these applications were possible because of limiting factors such as technical capabilities, component size and weight, overall performance, or price.  But today, independent technologies like Radar Altimeters, Laser Range Finders, LiDAR Scanners, Advanced Thermal and Spectral Imaging cameras, and Proton Magnetometers, are coming of age in terms of their high performance, compact size, light weight, and low cost.  And when properly synergized together, these individual high-tech components can be combined to create high-performance and affordable engineering solutions for a wide range of advanced objectives and requirements.  Today, it seems that anything is possible. The sky is the limit.”

As an example of how cutting-edge technology is transforming entire industries, one need only look as far as the field of Land Surveying.  This industry provides digital area maps that contain precise GPS coordinates and their exact elevations of both natural and man-made structures ranging from rivers, mountains, and coastlines to buildings, roads, and entire cityscapes.  Such data is in turn used for all types of applications – from wildlife management and natural conservation efforts to all forms of construction and urban planning and development.   

 
3-D Geological Mapping

   
3-D Urban Mapping

In the past, however, the methods used for this type of surveying were either very time consuming (when performed manually on the ground) or very expensive (when performed using manned aircraft).  Today however, the combined use of high-performance, compact, and affordable technologies like AutoCopter and the Reigl LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) 3-D Scanner has set a new benchmark on how these industries are doing business and in turn this is fueling the explosive growth of the unmanned aerial vehicle market.

 
Digital Elevation Mapping – PRESENT

2. Spectral Image Crop Assessment

With the world’s population now over six billion people, there is an ever-growing need to ensure that current food production consistently meets or exceeds demand.  One of the key elements of good and efficient agricultural productivity is the constant assessment of the health of a crop, as well as, the early detection of extraneous, threatening variables such as moisture deficiencies, insects, fungal and weed infestations, and imbalances in the Ph level of the soil itself. 

This critical objective can now be achieved through the use of Aerial Spectral Imaging by utilizing the AutoCopter in conjunction with a special camera that can detect the presence of these threats, measure the current levels of these variables, and, over time, track the overall change in these variables.  This information gives the farmer an incredible advantage in effectively responding to any potential problems in a timely manner and thus assuring a healthy and abundant harvest.

 
Imaging Spectrometer with Apochromatic Lens


Aerial Spectral Image – Crop Health Assessment

3. Infrared/Laser Pipeline Inspection

 Aerial Infrared Thermal Imaging of oil pipelines has shown to be both accurate and efficient in locating subsurface pipeline leaks, voids caused by erosion, deteriorated pipeline insulation and poor backfill.  


Aerial Thermal Imaging of Buried Oil Pipeline with Subsurface Contamination Caused by a Leak

A high resolution thermal imaging system like the FLIR Photon Thermal Imaging Camera allows entire areas to be scanned and the resulting data to be displayed as pictures with areas of differing temperatures designated by differing color tones that help to identify areas of concern – both above and below the ground. For this particular application, the AutoCopter is equipped with two key pieces of high-tech equipment. The first in the FLIR Photon Thermal Imaging Camera shows sensitive images based on variant heat signatures. The second component is the Micro-Epsilon Laser Range Finder which keep the helicopter at constant altitude above the ground while the AutoCopter GPS-based autopilot autonomously guides the vehicle along the pipeline route.


FLIR Photon Thermal Imaging Camera


Micro-Epsilon Laser Range Finder

4. The Future of Unmanned Aerial Systems

In just a few short years, the widely adopted name for quality aircraft like AutoCopter has changed from that of UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) to that of UAS (Unmanned Aerial System) - and rightfully so.  For such aerial platforms are no longer viewed as complete systems on their own but rather as vital components of a much greater overall aerial system - a system whose synergistic power has manifested applications and capabilities that are both amazing and without limits.  And it is for this reason that AutoCopter is capable to provide strategic engineering solutions to proper applications.  Now AutoCopter is the guide for Unmanned Arial Systems in this world.

 

AutoCopter 工程解决方案

AutoCopter 自动飞航无人直升机是一种无人驾驶自动飞航直升机,配备了影像系统,实时监控系统,数字录像系统,感应系统,武装配备,以及其它各种不同的设备,成为空中飞行的自动机器。

AutoCopter 自动飞航直升机配备了完善的神经网络系统,具有自我学习能力,适应变化的飞行环境,是最完美的人工智能系统。飞航的操作,具有半自动和全自动两种飞行模式。半自动飞行模式时,透过计算器的自主分析,飞行操作人员可以使用不同的指令调整飞航状态;全自动飞行模式时,藉助 GPS 的导航,可以输入计算机的飞行路径,实行直升机的自动起飞,巡航,改变飞行路线,自动着陆等动作。一旦,自动飞航直升机超出了飞行控制的范围,将会自动的返回作业区域。

AutoCopter 自动飞航无人直升机

AutoCopter 自动飞航直升机在装配标准油箱时,一般能够以每小时160里的速度,航行 1~6 小时,并且在能够在 1200~1500 英尺的标高,捕捉 10~40 英里的方圆内的景象,并传送实时的监控画面,而内置的数字录象机将自动录制所有捕捉的画面,从事侦查工作,作为中继站,或者进行必要的攻击和防卫。

眼前,无人机直升机工业已经开始巨幅的增长,全球市场的客户群,从早期采用几个简单的应用,到现在广泛的接受和使用,是一项十分惊人的变革;现今无人机最严苛的工程挑战和需要积极解决的技术,是各种策略性技术。

早期采用高性能/低成本的无人机,主要应用在各种摄影装备,需要搭配稳定和较大负载的空中平台。正如 AutoCopter 的神经智能系统,正是一个非常可靠,可行,安全,负担得起的替代载人飞机。现在,AutoCopter 进一步结合了数字高度图标(雷达高空测量),光谱农业作物三维扫瞄并制作图像,长距离红外线/激光管路检测等尖端技术,提供了更先进的无人机解决方案。

1. 三维数位鸟瞰图數

AutoCopter 执行长傅麦克说“一两年前,受到无人机科技限制,诸如技术能力,组件尺寸和重量,整体性能和价格等因素,没有一样应用是可能的。但今天,各方专业技术的成功开发,如雷达测高仪,激光测距仪,激光雷达扫描仪,热和光谱显像摄影机,和质子磁度计,都具备了高性能,体积小,重量轻,成本低等特点。只要适当的配置,就可以结合个别的高科技组件,创造高性能又价格实惠的科技方案。今天,天空仍有极限,但任何事都可能。

   三维地形图  3-D Geological Mapping

三维城市地图  3-D Urban Mapping

举例来说,如何以尖端技术,来推动土地测量整个产业的变革。土地测量和地形侦测将提供全面数字化的立体地图,包含精确的全球定位系统 (GPS) 坐标和确切的海拔高度和人为结构,如河流,高山,海岸线,建筑物,道路和整个风情。这些数据将应用于从野生动物管理和自然保护保护,到一切形式的建筑景观,城市规划和发展。

 高度测量–现今

过去,采用的方法不是在地面以人工方式进行多次反复的调查,或采用非常昂贵的载人飞机,从事普查。今天,使用的高性能,精简型,和负担得起的技术,如智能型垂直起降无人机 AutoCopter Reigl 激光雷达(光测和测距)的三维扫瞄仪,将树立土地测量和地形侦测的新标准。

2. 农产作物光谱图

随着世界人口已超过6亿指数,粮食生产需求,日益增加,甚至难以确保基本需求。至为关键的因素之一,是建构良好和有效的农业生产,维护农业作物的健康。实施早期的无害检测,如水分不足,昆虫,除菌和杂草虫害,和土壤本身不平衡的 Ph 值等等。

成像光谱仪与色差透视镜头

空中光谱图 - 健康作物

这个重要的任务,现在可以使用 AutoCopter,配合特殊的摄像头,利用飞行来形成空中光谱影像,以检测农业作物存在的威胁,侦测目前农产作物各项不良的变量,并不时跟踪总体的变化,提供农民日常信息,有效地应对任何潜在的问题,从而保证农产作物的健康和丰收。

3. 红外线和激光输油管线检测

空中红外热影像的输油管道系统能够准确,而且有效的侦测地下管道的泄漏,孔隙所造成的水土流失,恶化,管道隔绝,并进行缺憾回捕等作业。

 

空中热成像埋地石油管道与地下污染所造成的泄漏

高分辨率的热呈像系统,如红外光热成像摄像机,将对整个地区,进行扫瞄作业,并依照扫瞄数据,呈现影像;并以不同地区的温度,设定为不同的颜色,以标示地面上和地面下区域。

 

前视红外光热成像摄像机

 

微型激光测距仪

对于这种特殊的应用,AutoCopter 配备有两个关键的高科技装备。

一是 FLIR 光子红外热呈像摄像机,以不同的热样,制成敏感的影像。

二是微型小量激光测距仪,以等距的高度,保持 AutoCopter 恒定的飞行高度,并依照 GPS 的导航, 沿输油管道的路线自动飞航。

 4.未来的无人机系统

在短短几年中,AutoCopter 已经由无人机(UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)正名为无人空中系统 (UAS Unmanned Aerial System)。对于如此的空中平台,被正视为完整的系统,不再是整体空中系统的一部分,而是一个完完整整的系统,拥有完整,惊人,而且无穷无尽的功能。AutoCopter 提供各种工程上策略性的解决方案,是全球无人直升机的标竿。


   

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